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Common Skeletal Sports Injuries

Ankle Sprain

  • Symptoms
    • Tenderness, swelling or bruising
    • Pain when weight is put on injured ankle
    • Stiffness of the ankle
  • Treatment
    • Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation (R.I.C.E.)
    • Use of crutches or a brace for support
    • Refrain from putting weight on your ankle
    • Rehabilitation exercises
    • Surgery e.g. Arthroscopy, Reconstruction rarely needed


Knee injury – Patellofemoral syndrome
Injury resulting from the repetitive movement of your kneecap against your thigh bone

  • Symptoms
    • Pain felt in front of the knee, around or behind the kneecap
    • Worsened pain after long periods of sitting or going up or down the stairs
    • Grating or grinding feeling during movement of the knee
    • Swelling
  • Treatment
    • R.I.C.E.
    • Take anti-inflammatory pain killers
    • Physiotherapy and long-term strengthening exercises
    • Modification of footwear e.g. arch supports


Shoulder injury – dislocation

  • Symptoms
    • A visibly deformed or out-of-place shoulder
    • Muscle spasms around the shoulder
    • Swelling or bruising
    • Intense pain
    • Inability to move the joint
  • Treatment
    • R.I.C.E.
    • Do not “pop” shoulder back in on your own!
    • Reduction surgery followed by a period of resting arm in a sling


Foot/Ankle stress fractures

  • Symptoms
    • Reduced pain during rest
    • Tenderness at the site of fracture
    • Swelling on top of the foot or on the outside of the ankle
    • Intensified pain during normal activities/when weight is put on the ankle
    • Bruising
  • Treatment
    • Surgical

Internal fixation – Pins, screws, and/or plates are inserted to hold the small bones of the foot and ankle together during the healing process.

    • Non-surgical
      Modify Activities to reduce stress on your foot and leg
    • Use of protective footwear
    • Apply a cast
    • Topical applications of anti-inflammatory like African Potato Cream to reduce swelling


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